Black hair care at times can seem like a hard concept to understand. It isn't as difficult as it seems once you know the basics. There are three main factors when it comes to taking care of black hair.
Dryness causes brittle hair which leads to breakage. The moisture helps the hair maintain its elasticity. The elasticity of the hair is what prevents it from breaking. The L.O.C (liquid, oil, cream) is a popular method in moisturizing black hair. Not only does it moisturize the hair, but it ensures the moisture is locked in for quite some time hence the name L.O.C method. To do this method you should mix water with a little aloe vera gel and spray on your hair, add your choice of oil which acts as a sealant. Lastly, add a cream. Black hair tends to be on the drier side and shampoos can strip the hair of moisture so it would be best to wash your hair at least every 3 - 4 weeks. Always deep condition after washing. Once your hair is properly moisturized it is ready for styling.
For black hair, heat should be used sparingly or not at all. Heat breaks down the structure of the hair, resulting in dryness and heat damage which all eventually leads to breakage. When taking care of black hair you should avoid anything that can cause breakage. This includes over manipulation. Over manipulation can lead to not only hair breakage, but hair thinning, and even damage to the scalp. It is important to keep a low manipulation routine to ensure a healthy full head of hair. This is also good if you want to grow longer hair. A low manipulation hairstyle is a style in which the hair is not being constantly handled throughout the week. Low manipulation hairstyles include buns, puffs, ponytails twists and braids. To have a successful low manipulation hairstyle you should leave your hair in one style for that week, take the style down at the end of the week; detangle, moisturize, and restyle.
Protective hairstyles are much like low manipulation hairstyles. The difference is that in a protective hairstyle the hair is put away completely either in braids, under a wig or weave, and the ends of the hair are tucked away. Protective hairstyles include box braids, cornrows, twists, extensions, weaves, and wigs. When doing these styles, be careful not to braid too tightly. This puts too much stress on the scalp and the edges of the hair and can lead to breakage thus defeating the purpose of the style. To have a successful protective hairstyle you should routinely moisturize your hair, do not keep the hairstyle in for more than 3 months as matting and product build-up can occur, and once you are ready to take down the hairstyle you should properly wash, deep condition and detangle.
Being that black hair is very tightly coiled, it is susceptible to tangles. Having a good detangling routine is crucial. Keeping the hair free from tangles is good, but only when done correctly. If you are not careful instead of detangling you may be ripping hair out of your head and causing breakage. So when you detangle your hair, be sure to use a wide tooth comb or just finger detangle. Avoid detangling on dry hair. Your hair should be wet and full of conditioner. When washing, you should run your fingers through your hair from root to tip directly under the shower head to get all the curls going in one direction.
Use these black hair care tips and your hair will flourish. You will retain length and most importantly your hair will be healthy.